Nalanda (IAST: Nālandā; /naːlən̪d̪aː/) was AN acclaimed Mahavihara, an oversized Buddhist religious residence within the ancient kingdom of Magadha (modern-day Bihar) in India. the location is found regarding ninety five kilometres (59 mi) southeast of Patna close to the city of province Sharif, and was a centre of learning from the seventh century BCE to c. 1200 CE. :149 it's a UNESCO World Heritage website The extremely formalized strategies of religious writing learning helped inspire the institution of enormous teaching establishments like Taxila, Nalanda, and Vikramashila that ar typically characterized as India's early universities.:148:174:43:119 Nalanda flourished underneath the patronage of the Gupta Empire within the fifth and sixth centuries and later underneath Harsha, the emperor of Kannauj. :329 The liberal cultural traditions familial from the Gupta age resulted in an exceedingly amount of growth and prosperity till the ninth century. the next centuries were a time of gradual decline, a amount throughout that the Buddhism developments of Buddhism became most pronounced in jap India underneath the Pala Empire. :344 At its peak, the varsity attracted students and students from close to and much with some move all the manner from Sitsang, China, Korea, and Central Asia. :169 archaeologic proof additionally notes contact with the Shailendra family of Indonesia, one amongst whose kings engineered a religious residence within the advanced. a lot of of our information of Nalanda comes from the writings of pilgrim monks from East Asia like Xuanzang and Yijing World Health Organization traveled to the Mahavihara within the seventh century.